Vol no: 12
In socio-political sciences, there are two meanings of the term “regionalism”: 1. the integration (cooperation) of states located in some region of the world (e.g., the European Union, ASEAN, NAFTA), 2. a movement to defend or demonstrate the economic, cultural or political interests of regions understood as part of states. The article deals with the latter type of regionalism. It consists of four parts. The first defines the concept of regionalism, noting that there are no clear boundaries between regionalism and other phenomena such as nationalism and ethnic movements; classifies regionalism from various points of view and discusses its significance in modern Europe.