Agriculture of the Third Republic

Józef St. Zegar

DOI: lack

Vol no: 15

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In the last quarter of a century, there have been two events of great importance, initiating and determining to a large extent the course of the trajectory of the development of Polish agriculture, namely – the political transformation and Poland’s accession to the European Union. These events had a significant impact on agriculture. The shock therapy of the early 1990s, as a means of accelerated transformation, created unfavorable conditions for agriculture, determined by unfavorable agricultural price scissors, the return to farms of several hundred thousand workers laid off from non-agricultural enterprises, the decline in budget support, the liquidation of the State Agricultural Farms and other factors, resulting in the income collapse of agriculture and a regression in agricultural production.